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The concentration of unemployment by ward.

10,444 wards showing unemployment rates from the 1981 census on an equal land area map using a continuous grey scale with software written by the author on an Archimedes computer.

This unsuitable projection dramatically overemphasizes the high rates of unemployment in the unpopulated North West Scotland, where the fate of less than a dozen people can darken a large expanse of land. The inner city problems can just be made out, along with the Welsh coalfields, Cornish tin-mines and Romney Marsh (as large as London). The saving grace of this map is that it shows, at best when magnified, the way high rates of local unemployment follow the banks of major rivers, where older industries have closed down.