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Dorling, D. (1991) The Visualization of Spatial Structure, PhD Thesis, Department of Geography, University of Newcastle upon Tyne

Contents

Abstract ii
Dedication iii
Contents iv
List of Figures vi
List of Prints vii
Preface x
Acknowledgements xiii
Introduction: Human Cartography 1
Chapter 1: Envisioning Information 11
1.1 Visual Thinking 11
1.2 Pictures Over Time 14
1.3 Beyond Illustration 17
1.4 Texture and Colour 19
1.5 Perspective and Detail 22
1.6 Pattern and Illusion 24
1.7 From Mind to Mind 26
Chapter 2: People, Spaces and Places 30
2.1 Which People 30
2.2 Why Study Places? 32
2.3 What Are Spaces? 35
2.4 Drawing Lines 37
2.5 Picturing Points 41
2.6 Population Space 44
2.7 Adding Time 46
Chapter 3: Artificial Reality 48
3.1 Imagining Reality 48
3.2 Abstract Spaces 50
3.3 Area Cartograms 54
3.4 The Nature of Space 57
3.5 Producing Illusions 60
3.6 Population Space 62
3.7 Stretching Spacetime 63
Chapter 4: Honeycomb Structure 68
4.1 Viewing Society 68
4.2 Who the People Are 70
4.3 Disparate Origins 73
4.4 Lost Opportunities 76
4.5 Work, Industry and Home 78
4.6 How People Vote 81
4.7 The Social Landscape 84
Chapter 5: Transforming the Mosaic 87
5.1 Still Images of Change 87
5.2 Forming the Structure 88
5.3 Structure Transformed 91
5.4 Variable Employment 95
5.5 House Price Inflation 97
5.6 Reshaping Votes 98
5.7 Erosion and Deposition 101
Chapter 6: Cobweb of Flows 104
6.1 What Flow Is 104
6.2 What Flows There Are 106
6.3 Unravelling the Tangles 108
6.4 Drawing the Vortices 110
6.5 Commuting Chaos 114
6.6 Migration Networks 115
6.7 A Space of Flows 118
Chapter 7: On the Surface 122
7.1 2D Vision, 3D World 122
7.2 Surface Definition 124
7.3 Depth Cues 127
7.4 Landscape Painting 129
7.5 Surface Geometry 131
7.6 Travel Time Surface 133
7.7 Surface Value 136
Chapter 8: The Wood and the Trees 138
8.1 Sculptured Characters 138
8.2 Circles, Pies and Rings 140
8.3 Bars and Pyramids 142
8.4 Flocks of Arrows 145
8.5 Trees and Castles 147
8.6 Crowds of Faces 149
8.7 Information Overload 152
Chapter 9: Volume Visualization 154
9.1 The Third Dimension 154
9.2 Spaces, Times and Places 156
9.3 Spacetime Continuum 159
9.4 Three Dimensional Graphs 163
9.5 Flows Through Time 166
9.6 Volume Rendering 168
9.7 Interactive Visualization 170
Conclusion: Another Geography 172
Bibliography 180
Appendices 233
Appendix A: Circular Cartogram Algorithm 234
Appendix B: Parliamentary Constituencies 1955-1987 Continuity 238
Appendix C: Parliamentary Constituencies 1955-1987 Results 259
Appendix D: Average Housing Price by Constituency 1983-1989 275
Appendix E: Scottish Ward to Postcode Sector Look-up Table 285
Appendix F: Local Government Wards, 1981 and 1987 291
Index 317