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Journal Papers

Below are links to the papers published by the individual members of SASI:

Dimitris Ballas, Danny Dorling, Benjamin Hennig, Charles Pattie, Mark Ramsden, Bethan Thomas, Dan Vickers, Adam Whithworth


E-Books / Theses

Health Place and Society cover

Health Place and Society

Written by Mary Shaw, Danny Dorling and Richard Mitchell and published in 2002 by Pearson Education Asia pte Ltd.. The book introduces students of geography, sociology and health sciences to the key factors connecting health, place and society. It is now out of print, and has been made available as a PDF book.

A New Social Atlas of Britain

Danny's amazing atlas of Britain has been resurrected from some old postscript files he recently discovered. Originally published by John Wiley in 1995, it features over 100 double-page spreads of detailed maps and cartograms depicting the geographical distributions of many facets of society in the 1990s.

Danny Dorling's PhD Thesis: The Visualization of Spatial Structure

Dan Vickers' PhD Thesis: Multi-Level Integrated Classifications Based on the 2001 Census


Benjamin Hennig's PhD Thesis: Rediscovering the World: Gridded Cartograms of Human and Physical Space


Manting Tao's Phd Thesis: Using Cartograms in Disease Mapping



Reports and project resources

  Homelessness kills: an analysis of the mortality of homeless people in early twenty-first century England. (2012)
Report by Dr Bethan Thomas, commissioned by Crisis.
Download Report as PDF.
  Roads, Casualties and Public Health: the Open Sewers of the 21st Century. (2011)
Publication of PACTS´ 21st Westminster Lecture, ISSN 1740-0368, London: Parliamentary Advisory Council for Transport Safety,
Download Report as PDF.
  Housing and identity: how place makes race. (2011)
Better Housing briefing 17, London: Race Equality Foundation.
Download Report as PDF.
  Ideas in Place of Fear: reducing inequality and fermenting justice. (2011)
Compass Think Piece Number 57.
Download Report as PDF.
  The Geography of Poverty, Inequality and Wealth in the UK and abroad: because enough is never enough (2010)
Money does not come out of the ether. As the exclusive rich become richer and richer their rights to others’ time, labour and subservience grows. Even if their wealth falls, if the incomes of others also falls then they will even more desperately work for the rich; labour in factories in China, grow cash crops in Bangladesh, work in service in the new grand houses in London. This truism holds at a wide range of geographical scales, from within cities in England, to globally. If you are rich, enough is never enough, and for the rich social position is relative too. Losing even a small proportion of your wealth could be very hard to take. No matter how much you have to begin with.
Report by Danny Dorling and John Pritchard. See report PDF.
  A Tale of Two Cities: The Sheffield Project. (2009)
This report, commissioned by David Blunkett MP, released on November 2nd 2009, studies the changing social geography of Sheffield. Bethan Thomas, John Pritchard, Dimitris Ballas, Dan Vickers and Danny Dorling. See report website.
  Changing UK: The way we live now. (2008)
Report commisioned by the BBC. Danny Dorling, Dimitris Ballas, Dan Vickers, Bethan Thomas and John Pritchard. See report website.
  ODPM State of the Cities report. (2005)
With colleagues from many universities contributions towards the ODPM State of the Cities report in a project being lead by Professor Michael Parkinson at the European Institute of Urban Affairs, Liverpool John Moores University (2004-5). The report was published by ODPM. and can be downloaded here.
  Changing patterns of immigration as indicated by birthplace. (2005)
Work commissioned by IPPR on the analysis of census data 1971-2001. See report on IPPR Website, and BBC website built around the data.
  Poverty, wealth and place in Britain, 1968 to 2005: Understanding the Transformation of the Prospects of Places
Daniel Dorling, Jan Rigby, Dimitris Ballas, Ben Wheeler and Bethan Thomas, David Gordon and Eldin Fahmy
This report investiges patterns and changes in the geography of poverty and wealth in Britain from 1968 to 2005
See report website

Life in Britain. (2005)
Wheeler, B., Shaw, M., Mitchell, R. and Dorling, D.
This report covers five major areas of social concern: health, education, housing, employment and poverty. The study provides an illustration through 10 short reports, 2 for each of the five areas, of the overall picture of the social inequalities in 142 geographic areas across the UK.
Report home page

  • Life in Britain: Doctors and nurses, Report 1, Bristol: The Policy Press.
    Report as a PDF
  • Life in Britain: In sickness and in health, Report 2, Bristol: The Policy Press.
    Report as a PDF
  • Life in Britain: Teachers, Report 3, Bristol: The Policy Press.
    Report as a PDF
  • Life in Britain: Sons and daughters, Report 4, Bristol: The Policy Press.
    Report as a PDF
  • Life in Britain: Changing rooms, Report 5, Bristol: The Policy Press.
    Report as a PDF
  • Life in Britain: A place in the sun, Report 6, Bristol: The Policy Press.
    Report as a PDF
  • Life in Britain: The office, Report 7, Bristol: The Policy Press.
    Report as a PDF
  • Life in Britain: Open all hours, Report 8, Bristol: The Policy Press.
    Report as a PDF
  • Life in Britain: Top gear, Report 9, Bristol: The Policy Press.
    Report as a PDF
  • Life in Britain: Home front, Report 10, Bristol: The Policy Press.
    Report as a PDF
  • Life in Britain, using millennial census data to understand poverty, inequality and place: Technical Report, Bristol: The Policy Press.
    Report as a PDF
  Pilot Mapping of Local Social Polarisation in Three Areas of England 1971-2001. (2004)
Danny Dorling, Dimitris Ballas, Bethan Thomas and John Pritchard
Project home page

For older reports, see Danny Dorling's Reports page



Radio clips

Newspaper reports


Books 1995-2012

Population 10 Billion

The Population10 Billion Coverby Danny Dorling.
An in depth examination of the impact that a global population of 10 billion will have on the planet and how we will have to adapt to cope with it. Before May 2011 the top demographics experts of the United Nations had suggested that world population would peak at 9.1 billion in 2100, and then fall to 8.5 billion people by 2150. In contrast, the 2011 revision suggested that 9.1 billion would be achieved much earlier, maybe by 2050 or before, and by 2100 there would be 10.1 billion of us. What's more, they implied that global human population might still be slightly rising in our total numbers a century from now. So what shall we do? Are there too many people on the planet? Is this the end of life as we know it?

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Unequal Health: The scandal of our times

Unequal Health Coverby Danny Dorling.
This book describes the current extent of inequalities in health as the scandal of our times. It provides nine new chapters and updates a wide selection of Danny's writings on health, including international-peer reviewed studies, annotated lectures, newspaper articles, and interview transcripts, to create an accessible collection that is both contemporary and authoritative. As a whole the book shows conclusively that inequalities in health are the scandal of our times in the most unequal of rich nations and calls for immediate action to reduce these inequalities in the near future.

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The 32 Stops

The 32 Stops Coverby Danny Dorling.
Telling the stories of the people who live along the 32 stops of the Central Line, this book illustrates the extent and impact of inequality in Britain today - part of a series of twelve books tied to the twelve lines of the London Underground.
Like the trace of a heartbeat on a cardiac monitor, the Central Line slowly falls south through west London, rises gently through the centre and then flicks up north through the east end of the capital. At the start of the journey life expectancy falls by two months a minute. Between the first four stations every second spent moving on the train is exactly a day off their lives in terms of how long people living beside the tracks can expect to live.

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Rediscovering the World: Map Transformations of Human and Physical Space

Rediscovering the World Coverby Benjamin D. Hennig.
We need new maps is the central claim made in this book. In a world increasingly influenced by human action and interaction, we still rely heavily on mapping techniques that were invented to discover unknown places and explore our physical environment. Although the traditional concept of a map is currently being revived in digital environments, the underlying mapping approaches are not capable of making the complexity of human-environment relationships fully comprehensible. Starting from how people can be put on the map in new ways, this book outlines the development of a technique that stretches a map according to quantitative data, such as population.

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The Population of the UK

The Population of the UK Coverby Danny Dorling.
The Population of the UK explains how geography - in the widest sense - makes a difference to life outcomes. It explains the geographical differences in key socio-economic variables - like education, health, and work - that illustrate the UK's stark social inequalities and affect everyone's lives.

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The Visualization of Spatial Social Structure

The Visualization of Spatial Social Structure Coverby Danny Dorling.
The Visualization of Spatial Social Structure introduces the reader to new ways of thinking about how to look at social statistics, particularly those about people in places. The author presents a unique combination of statistical focus and understanding of social structures and innovations in visualization, describing the rationale for, and development of, a new way of visualizing information in geographical research. These methods are illustrated through extensive full colour graphics; revealing mistakes, techniques and discoveries which present a picture of a changing political and social geography.

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The No-Nonsense Guide to Equality

The No-Nonsense Guide to Equality Coverby Danny Dorling.
Equality is the coming issue of our day. Societies all over the world are experiencing spiralling inequality, led by countries such as the US and Britain, which reached their high-water mark of equality in the 1970s, only to head firmly and swiftly in the opposite direction ever since. They relaxed the controls over corporations and high finance, allowing the rich to become super-rich without caring about their impact on the poor or the planet - and ultimately plunged the whole world into economic crisis.
But it does not have to be that way. Danny Dorling’s landmark book explains why greater equality is good for us all - even for the rich. It backs up its arguments with solid statistical evidence. It points out the countries that have mapped out an alternative, bucking the trend towards inequality and market mayhem. And it proposes some key ways in which we can restore the levels of greater equality that would sustain us all.

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Fair Play: A Reader on Social Justice

Fair Play Coverby Danny Dorling.
This accessible reader brings together a selection of highly influential writings by Danny Dorling which look at inequality and social justice, why they matter and what they are. Encompassing an extensive range of print and online media - including newspaper articles and key publications - 'Fair Play' provides evidence that Britain is becoming more politically, socially and economically divided whilst coming together in terms of educational outcomes and reduced segregation by ethnicity.

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Bankrupt Britain: An Atlas of Social Change

Bankrupt Britain Coverby Bethan Thomas and Daniel Dorling.
Bankrupt Britain is a unique atlas giving a comprehensive picture of the effect of the recession on Britain. In detailed colour maps, it shows how economic, social and environmental fortunes have been affected in different areas in the wake of the 2007 banking crisis, 2008 economic crash and 2009 credit crunch. It is essential reading for a broad audience with detailed local level data and a national snap-shot of Britain during this time.

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So you think you know about Britain?

So you think you know about Britain? Coverby Daniel Dorling.
We don't live in the country we thought we lived in anymore; it has changed because we have changed. When it comes to immigration, the population explosion, the collapse of the family, the north-south divide, or the death of the countryside, common wisdom tells us that we are in trouble; however, this is far from the truth. In this anatomy of contemporary Britain, Danny Dorling dissects the nation and reveals unexpected truths about the way we live today, contrary to what you might read in the news. Exploring the key issues that make the headlines, this book will change the way you think about the country and explain just why you should feel positive about the future.

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Injustice: Why social inequality persists

Injustice Coverby Daniel Dorling.
Few would dispute that we live in an unequal and unjust world, but what causes this inequality to persist? As the five social evils identified by Beveridge are gradually being eradicated, this book claims they are being replaced by five new tenets of injustice, viz: elitism is efficient; exclusion is necessary; prejudice is natural; greed is good; and despair is inevitable.

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The Grim Reaper's road map: An atlas of mortality in Britain

Grim Reaper Coverby Mary Shaw, Bethan Thomas, George Davey Smith and Daniel Dorling.
An atlas of mortality in Britain based on data from 1981 to 2003, this new study explores causes of death across the UK, including a description of the cause of death, a map and cartogram showing the spatial distribution of that cause, a commentary on the pattern observed and the reason for it.

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The Atlas of the Real World: Mapping the way we live

The Atlas of the Real World CoverDaniel Dorling, Mark Newman and Anna Barford.
366 digitally modified maps – known as cartograms – depict the areas and countries of the world not by their physical size, but by their demographic importance on a vast range of subjects ranging from population, health, wealth and occupation to how many toys we import and who's eating their vegetables.

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Identity in Britain: A cradle-to-grave atlas

Identity in Britain CoverThomas, B. and Dorling, D. 2007, Bristol: Policy Press.
Identity in Britain explores our changing identities as we progress from infancy to old age and tells the story of the myriad geographies of life in Britain. Features and benefits include: detailed maps and analysis of the contemporary neighbourhood geographies of people in Britain at various life stages; clear introduction and how-to-use guide making the atlas highly accessible for a wide range of users; and, accompanying bookmark to aid interpretation of the maps on each page.

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Poverty, wealth and place in Britain, 1968 to 2005

Poverty, wealth and place in Britain, 1968 to 2005 coverDorling, D., Rigby, J., Wheeler, B., Ballas, D., Thomas, B., Fahmy, E., Gordon, D., and Lupton, R. (2007) , Bristol: Policy Press.
This study of how poverty and wealth are geographically distributed in Britain covers the past 30 to 40 years. The relationship between wealth and place is little understood, and establishing the geographical distribution of wealth is essential for a more thorough understanding of social inequalities. Census and survey data have been used to construct consistent small area measures of both wealth and poverty at points in time across the last four decades. The authors have developed four consistent measures of poor and wealthy households.

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The great divide: an analysis of housing inequality

The great divide: an analysis of housing inequality coverDanny Dorling, Janet Ford, Alan Holmans, Cathy Sharp, Bethan Thomas and Steve Wilcox (2005) London: Shelter.
This book reveals that spiralling housing inequality is at the core of the housing crisis. It explores the damaging effects of this widening gap, particularly on children, and examines how housing inequality impacts on all other aspects of life for those worst affected. Written by leading academics, The great divide shows how this growing inequality, left unchecked, will polarise the nation, creating dire consequences for future generations if current housing policies are not urgently reviewed.

Criminal Obsessions: Why Harm Matters More Than Crime

Criminal Obsessions: Why Harm Matters More Than Crime coverPaddy Hillyard, Christina Pantazis, Steve Tombs, Dave Gordon and Danny Dorling (October 2005)
Presents a critique of conventional criminological approaches to social issues claiming that the narrow focus on particular categories of crime deflects attention from other more socially damaging harms.  And that the increasing dependence upon the criminal justice system to address the visible symptoms of society's ills obscures our understanding of the potential social and economic remedies to those ills. Danny contributed the chapter showing that people living in the poorest parts of the country are at least five times more likely to be murdered than those living in the wealthiest areas, arguing that this stark facet of inequality can be traced back to the economic and social policies implemented in the early 1980s.

Life in Britain: Using Millennial Census data to understand poverty, inequality and place

Life in Britain coverBy Ben Wheeler, Mary Shaw, Richard Mitchell and Daniel Dorling
The Policy Press September 2005. This lively, colourful and innovative pack has been designed specifically for use as a teaching aid and learning resource for students of geography, sociology, social policy and related social science disciplines. With new evidence about the nature of social and geographical divisions in British society, it is also an invaluable resource for policy makers and local authority professionals in areas such as planning, education, housing, poverty and social exclusion. The topics selected are central to themes covered both at undergraduate and A-level and focus on the differences between areas within the UK, highlighting the spatial inequalities and gaps in service provision that the census data have revealed.

Update July 2007: The Life in Britain resource pack is now available as a series of PDF files, and also still available on paper from The Policy Press

Human Geography of the UK

Human Geography of the UK coverCartography by Graham Allsopp, published by Sage March 2005. The book is a short introduction to life in the UK as described from the point of view of a young person’s life chances given their area of upbringing. Using statistics from many different datasets and specially drawn ‘opportunity surface’ maps throughout, the book describes the social landscape of the United Kingdom in an engaging and accessible way. It is written from the perspective of a beginning undergraduate, and a website is being provided to accompany the book at The website includes over 100 full colour illustrations and all the data and analysis spreadsheets used to inform the arguments made in the book.

Geography matters

Geography matters coverSimulating the local impacts of national social policies, published by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation in early 2005, written by Dimitris Ballas, Dave Rossiter, Bethan Thomas, Graham Clarke and Danny Dorling. This report presents possibilities of creating a simulation model that can be used for the estimation of the spatial impacts of social policies, as well as their socio-economic impact. The report builds on past work in the area of microsimulation to present a new spatial simulation methodology including the dynamic simulation of household spaces as an alternative to household simulation. Microsimulation has been widely used by governments around the world for the analysis of redistributive policies and budget changes. Nevertheless, the report argues that there have been very few examples of extending these simulation models to enable the estimation of geographical impacts of policies.

People and Places: a 2001 census atlas

People and Places: a 2001 census atlas coverWritten with Bethan Thomas and published in 2004 by Policy Press. The book contains several hundred maps of 2001 census data almost all for all of the UK and almost all also compare the social shape of the country in 2001 to the situation in 1991. Commentary and analysis is included and an appendix giving estimates of the changing proportions of the population in each area who are wealthy, poor, or have a high income. Cartograms and conventional maps are used throughout and in full colour at the local authority district and council area level.

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From Votes to Seats: the operation of the UK electoral system since 1945

From Votes to Seats coverDanny Dorling is co-author of ths book written mainly by Ron Johnston, with Charles Pattie and David Rossiter. The book explains how the British electoral system treats parties disproportionately and differentially. An original study of the fourteen general elections held between 1950 and 1997 shows that the amount of bias in those election results increased substantially over the period, benefiting Labour at the expense of the Conservatives. Labour's advantage peaked at the 1997 general election when, even assuming there had been an equal share of the votes for the two parties, it would have won 82 more seats than its opponents.

Health Place and Society

Health Place and Society coverWritten with Mary Shaw and Richard Mitchell and published in 2002 by Pearson. The book introduces students of geography, sociology and health sciences to the key factors connecting health, place and society. It uses recent research findings and places them in an historical context in an attempt to provide a brief and accessible introduction to medical sociology and health geography. The book suggests further reading, film watching and internet surfing to encourage the reader to explore this rapidly expanding research field. It is now freely available as a PDF file.

Poverty, inequality and health: 1800-2000 - a reader

Poverty, inequality and health: 1800-2000 - a reader coverEdited by George Davey Smith, Danny Dorling and Mary Shaw and published by the Policy Press in 2001. This book presents excerpts from a very large number of original sources detailing the continued discovery and rediscovery of the inextriable links between poverty inequality and health in Britain over the course of the last two centuries. The book includes a timeline of major events related to these issues and an introduction from the editors. The book begins with the case made against slavery, moves through decades of advocacy for social and political reform in Britain and demonstrates how, through the power of argument, improvements in health are achieved.

Targetting Poor Health: Report of the Welsh Assembly's National Steering Group on the Allocation of NHS Resources, Volume 2: Independent Report of the Research Team

David Gordon, Liz Lloyd, Martyn Senior, Jan Rigby, Mary Shaw, Yoav Ben Shlomo [National Assembly for Wales, 2001]. In February 2000 the Health and Social Services Committee of the National Assembly for Wales initiated a review of the allocation of resources for health services, with addressing health inequalities as a primary driver. The Review was led by Professor Peter Townsend. A major component was a body of research produces by the authors listed above, which examined area inequalities in health in Wales and made recommendations for a new formula for resource allocation. The recommendations were debated in the National Assembly, and implementation began in 2005: thus contributing to the redistribution of substantial amounts of funding based on a direct measurement of health need.

Inequalities in Life and Death: What If Britain Were More Equal?

Richard Mitchell, Daniel Dorling and Mary Shaw
The Policy Press 25 September 2000
The book looks at the role played by age, gender, social class and unemployment in producing geographical differences in mortality. It reports on research explaining the extent and changes in social injustice throughout the 1980s and 1990s and highlights dramatic findings, clearly portrayed with extensive use of full-colour maps and graphs. The book also presents the results of modelling exercises which show what the effect on mortality would be - in terms of actual number of lives saved - if full employment were achieved, child poverty were eradicated and material inequalities were reduced.
Report (2.5MB PDF) | Technical Report | Findings

Inequalities in Health: the evidence

Edited collection of seventeen chapters published by policy press in 1999. Edited by David Gordon, Mary Shaw, Daniel Dorling and George Davey Smith, with an introduction by Peter Townsend. The book reports the evidence presented to the Acheson Inquiry which was labelled as the most important government-backed examination into inequalities in health in the past 20 years. However, much of the detailed evidence presented to the Inquiry was not published. This book presents all seventeen chapters of evidence commissioned by the Acheson Inquiry to inform their work. It complements the Acheson Inquiry report published by The Stationery Office.

The Widening Gap: health inequalities and policy in Britain

Written with Mary Shaw, David Gordon and George Davey Smith and first published in 1999 by Policy Press. The back cover quotes: "When Tony Blair tours the North to show the wide variations within regions as well as between them, and when Alan Milburn declares commitment to tackling inequalities in heart disease as part of making a fairer society generally, then you know something has touched a chord. It is rare for an academic work to have such an effect on media and ministers, but the widening gap has done just this". John Nicholson, Chief Executive, UK Public Health Association.

Statistics in Society: the arithmetic of politics

A collection of 47 papers edited by Danny Dorling and Stephen Simpson, published in 1999 by Arnold, reprinted in 2000 (and in Japanese in 2003). The claim of the book is that statistics are pervasive and powerful, but often misleading or misunderstood, no more so than when they concern society. The book presents a series of case studies are presented with the goal of showing specifically how statistics are used throughout society. It demystifies statistical reports and helps the reader become a more critical consumer of statistics and a more skilled user of statistical methods.

Mapping: Ways of Representing the World

Written with David Fairbairn and published by Longman in 1997 this book illustrates how maps tell us as much about the people and the powers which create them, as about the places they show. The book presents historical and contemporary evidence of how the human urge to understand & control the world is presented through the medium of mapping, together with the individual and environmental constraints on the creator of the map.

Area cartograms: their use and creation, Concepts and Techniques in Modern Geography series no. 59

Daniel Dorling. University of East Anglia: Environmental Publications, 1996
This book provides an introduction to the concept of cartograms, the various methods of creating them, and some common applications. It contains a large number of colour figures to visually demonstrate the power of cartograms, drawn from many different sources.

Available as PDF

The Population of Britain in the 1990s: a social and economic atlas

Champion, T., Wong, C., Rooke, A., Dorling, D., Coombes, M. and Brunsdon, B.
Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996. This atlas 1990s sources, notably the 1991 Population Census, to provide a picture, and to document the principal developments in the distribution, characteristics, and circumstances of the British population. The primary focus is on those aspects which changed most in the early 1990s and/or constitute key issues for policy-makers.

A New Social Atlas of Britain

Published by John Wiley in 1995 it features over 100 double-page spreads of detailed maps and cartograms depicting the geographical distributions of many facets of society in the 1990s as revealed by Britain's censuses and other sources.

This book is now available as a PDF file, see A New Social Atlas of Britain e-book home page